Monday, March 29, 2021

History of the Tie Dye Motif

History of the Tie Dye Motif

Have you ever heard of tie dye? Actually, what is meant by tie-dye? Tie dye is a modern term coined to describe a dyeing technique that includes folding, twisting, and tying the fabric using string or rubber.

History of the Tie Dye Motif

This process will produce different motifs depending on the folding and binding. Contrary to popular belief, tie dye motifs were not invented in America in 1960. In fact, the start time of the tie dye technique is much longer than that. The earliest examples of tie dye motifs were found in Peru in the year 500. The designs on the fabric include circles and stripes in bright colors such as red, yellow, blue, and green.

China and Japan developed this technique in the sixth century. Silk has been discovered and is a suitable material for this dyeing technique. Not only in East Asia, this technique has also spread to Southeast Asia. In Japan, this technique is called shibori, while in Indonesia it is called the jumputan technique. The shibori technique uses a method of fastening the wood which is fastened with rope or thread

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Currently, this coloring technique uses synthetic dyes that are easy to use, durable, and fast coloring. However, when this technique was discovered, the craftsmen used natural dyes extracted from nature.

Sources of dye include roots, berries, flowers and leaves. Until now, these materials are still used by craftsmen who support organic coloring and fashion.

The fabrics used for coloring usually use fabrics from natural materials. This is because natural fabrics will hold color better than synthetic fabrics.

History of the Tie Dye Motif

This tie dyeing technique also began to develop in western Africa. The dyes used in this technique mostly use the indigo color which is popular in Nigeria.

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The tie dye technique applied in Africa is slightly different, namely by embroidering the part of the fabric that you want to form a pattern and then dyeing it in the dye. After the dye is tied to the fabric, the embroidery threads are removed.

Tie dye was known in the western world in 1909 by a Columbia University professor. Although shibori and jumputan were often used in western countries before 1960, these techniques and motifs became famous only in the 1960s when they were used by rockstar Janis Joplin.

Currently tie dye is back in popularity and in the middle of a trend because of its low price and attractive motifs. In addition, the tie dye motif has become a symbol of anti-conflict, understanding and peace. Then what about jumputan, a tie dye technique from Indonesia?

Jumputan is a technique for dyeing fabric by tying, pressing, or sewing to get a specific motif. There are 2 techniques for creating jumputan. The first technique is the tie technique and the second is the suture technique.

The binding technique is done by tying a pinch of cloth with string or rubber tightly so that the dye solution cannot seep into the bond. After soaking, the bonds are removed and will produce a certain motif. The stitching technique is done by forming a pattern by folding or twisting the fabric first, which is then followed by sewing at a certain point tightly. After soaking, the stitches are removed and the motifs that are formed will appear. The use of this jumputan technique is widely developed in the Palembang, South Kalimantan, Java and Bali areas.

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